The South Korean Department of Statistics released the “Birth of Birth in 2018” on the 28th. Last year, the total birth rate of South Korea was 0.98. It has entered an era of less than “1” and has become the only fertility rate in the world. The country of “1”.
South Korea’s Central Daily News pointed out that South Korea’s total birth rate last year was 0.98, the lowest since South Korea’s fertility rate began in 1970. This means that each South Korean woman has an average number of children under the age of childbearing (15 to 49 years old).
South Korean research shows that South Korea needs to maintain a stable population, and the total fertility rate should be at least 2.1.
Last year, the number of newborns in South Korea was only 326,800, which was also a decrease of 30,900 compared with 2017, which also set a record low.
The report pointed out that in countries and regions with low fertility rates, Taiwan’s fertility rate was 1.06 last year, Hong Kong was 1.07, Singapore 1.14 and Japan 1.42, both higher than South Korea and only Macau (0.92). Lower than South Korea.
Among the members of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), South Korea has not only failed to reach the average level (1.68), and even failed to reach the ultra-low fertility rate (1.3), which lags far behind other member countries and ranks first in the OECD. In addition, South Korea’s fertility rate has fallen far faster than other countries.
According to the report, the Statistics Department concluded that the fertility rate continued to be low: the number of women who were married, the increase in the age of marriage, and the decrease in the number of marriages all reduced the fertility rate.
The problem is that the South Korean government has invested more than 100 trillion won (about NT$2,582 billion) in solving the problem of low fertility in the past decade, but has never seen any signs of improvement.
According to the report, the total number of newborns in South Korea in the second quarter of this year was only 75,448, a decrease of 6,592 from the same period last year. South Korea’s total fertility rate in the second quarter was 0.91, a decrease of 0.07 from last year. In the first half of this year, the total number of newborns in South Korea totaled 158,825. Since the number of newborns at the beginning of the year is often more than the end of the year, it is expected that the total number of newborns in South Korea will drop below 300,000 this year, and it is likely to set a new record again.